A fondness for romantic characteristics or peculiarities;specifically, in modern literature, an aiming at romantic effects; --applied to the productions of a school of writers who sought torevive certain mediHe [Lessing] may be said to have begun the revolt from pseudo-classicism in poetry, and to have been thus unconsciously the founderof romanticism. Lowell.
A particular school of thought represented in art, writing and thinking originating in Europe during the 18th century. Moving away from most traditional ideas of the time, it put a strong importance on individuality, nature, love, and creativity.
The name given to those schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason. Basically, a bunch of hippies.