The ancient language of the Hindoos, long since obsolete invernacular use, but preserved to the present day as the literary andsacred dialect of India. It is nearly allied to the Persian, and tothe principal languages of Europe, classical and modern, and by itsmore perfect preservation of the roots and forms of the primitivelanguage from which they are all descended, is a most importantassistance in determining their history and relations. Cf. Prakrit,and Veda.
The mother of all present-day european languages. Originated in India.
Indo-European Language Subfamilies:
- Indo-Iranian (Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali, Persian)
- Hellenic (Greek)
- Armenian (Western Armenian, Eastern Armenian)
- Balto-Slavic (Russian, Polish, Czech, Lithuanian)
- Albanian (Gheg, Tosk)
- Celtic (Irish Gaelic, Welsh)
- Italic (Latin, Spanish, Italian, French)
- Germanic (German, English, Danish, Dutch, Swedish, Norwegian)
- Anatolian (extinct) (Hittite)
- Tocharian (extinct) (Tocharian A, Tocharian B)
- Indo-European voiceless stops (p, t, k) became Germanic voiceless fricatives (f, th, h):
o Indo-European pœter, Germanic (English) father (contrast with non-Germanic: Latin pater)
o Indo-European treyes, Germanic (English) three (contrast with non-Germanic: Latin tres)
o Indo-European kerd, Germanic (English) heart, (compare with non-Germanic: Latin cord)
- Indo-European voiced stops (b, d, g) became Germanic voiceless stops (p, t, k):
o Indo-European abel, Germanic (English) apple (contrast with non-Germanic: Russian jabloko)
o Indo-European dent, Germanic (English) tooth (contrast with non-Germanic: Latin dentis)
o Indo-European grœno, Germanic (English) corn (contrast with non-Germanic: Latin granum)
- voiced aspirated stops(bh, dh, gh) to voiced stops (b, d, g):
o Indo-European bhrater, Germanic (English) brother (contrast with non-Germanic: Latin frater)
An ancient Indian language
One of the most ancient and profound languages in the world to date. It originated in India, and is the language of choice for many ancient Indian scriptures including the Bhagvat Geeta, the Vedas, Upanishads, etc. Sanskrit is very unique in that it is considered THE best programming language. It is also very much free from many gramatical issues present in many languages. Furthermore Sanskrit is the mother language for many of today's languages. It is also a very poetic and beautiful language, you can sing it unlike any other language. It's also unfortunately currently a falling language, since most Indians don't seem to give a shit about it, preffering English rather than their own heritage.
Sanskrit is a historical Indo-Aryan language and the primary liturgical language of Hinduism and Buddhism. Today, it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
Classical Sanskrit is the standard register as laid out in the grammar of Pāṇini, around the 4th century BCE. Its position in the cultures of Greater India is akin to that of Latin and Greek in Europe and it has significantly influenced most modern languages of the Indian subcontinent, particularly in India, Pakistan and Nepal.
The pre-Classical form of Sanskrit is known as Vedic Sanskrit, with the language of the Rigveda being the oldest and most archaic stage preserved, its oldest core dating back to as early as 1500 BCE. This qualifies Rigvedic Sanskrit as one of the oldest attestations of any Indo-Iranian language, and one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family, the family which includes English and most European languages.
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